BALTIMORE (AP) _ The nation's Roman Catholic bishops on Tuesday elected Archbishop Joseph Kurtz of
Kurtz, who leads the Archdiocese of Louisville, won just over half the votes in a field of 10 candidates during a meeting of the
The conference president is the main spokesman on national issues for the Catholic Church in the
Kurtz, 67, takes on the role at a time when the bishops are struggling with what direction they should take in the new pontificate.
Francis, elected last March, has said he wants pastors not ideologues, and an emphasis on mercy over divisive social issues.
American bishops have made a priority of fighting same-sex marriage and abortion, saying they have been forced to do so in a society they consider hostile to faith.
The bishops have vigorously fought the Obama administration over a requirement that employers provide health insurance that covers artificial contraceptives. Dozens of Catholic charities and dioceses, along with evangelical colleges and businesses, are suing for a broader religious exemption from the rule. The issue is expected to reach the Supreme Court.
For the last three years, Kurtz has served as vice president of the bishops' conference. It is customary for the vice president to move onto the top job.
A Pennsylvania native, the archbishop earned a master's degree in divinity and another in social work, worked for more than two decades in the Diocese of Allentown, Pa., before becoming bishop of Knoxville, Tenn. Pope Benedict XVI appointed him to lead Louisville in 2007. The Louisville archdiocese serves 200,000 Catholics.
DiNardo was elevated to cardinal by Benedict in 2006. The Archdiocese of Galveston-Houston serves 1.3 million Catholics.